On January 26, 1816, Jonathan, Nimrod, Harry and Solomon, all Negroes, were hanged at the Old Magazine on the Harper's Ferry Road for the murder of their master, Edward Owings, Jr.
On January 26, 1882, a diphtheria epidemic continued in Frederick. The Rev. Osborne Ingle, rector of All Saints Episcopal Church, lost five children in less than two weeks.
On January 26, 1967, Donald A. McGolerick, of Mount Airy, was charged with malicious burning in a series of fires that destroyed 15 barns in the New Market-Mt. Airy area.
On January 26, 2010, Marine Sgt. David Smith, of Frederick, and a 2002 graduate of Frederick High School, died in Germany of injuries suffered when a road-side bomb exploded in Helmand Province, Afghanistan, on January 23, 2010. He was born February 16, 1984 in Washington, DC, the son of Mary Jane McWilliams and Leonard A. Smith.